A guide to water wells
- Obtains whatever permits are necessary.
- Pays necessary fees from the county.
- Provides the names of the agencies to contact and the fees to be paid.
- Coordinates construction activities and site visits by insepctors
- Provides information on regulations governing location of the wells.
- Provides information on the health officials/regulators that must be present during the location process.
- Estimates the water requirements based on the number of bathrooms, number of people per household and anticipated water use for “extras” such as irrigation of lawns and gardens, spas, whirlpool baths or pools.
- Ask what options are available if the water needs some form of treatment.
- Makes a responsible judgement, based on experience and other wells drilled in your area, about the depth of the well and the quality of the water.*
- Obtains a copy of the construction record from the driller.
- Files documentation on equipment purchases.
- Obtains copies of records filed with regulatory agencies.
- Saves repair bills.
- Makes a construction record (well log).
- Keeps an inspection log – if required by state law.
- Submits records to regulatory agencies – if required.
constructing a well
Building a new home
- Always ask your builder to include you in the selection of a driller
- The driller you choose should meet the criteria in the sections above entitled:
- “Hiring a Well Driller” and
- “Defining Responsibilities.”
buying a property where a well will be used
Include language in the purchase offer such as, “Purchase based on the ability to develop a water well yielding water sufficient to buyer’s (your) needs.”
when hiring a well contractor
ask for references and recommendations
- How long has the company worked in your area?
- Are previous customers satisfied with their well?
Ask about professional qualifications
Companies should be certified, licensed or registered with the state.
Ask about financing options
- Banks – Include well construction in your mortgage.
- Drilling Company Programs.
- Government Programs for low income buyers
Ask for Proof of Insurance and bonding
Ask about maintenance programs
A full service company can make well care easier.
* The quality and quantity of water from your well depends on the geology and hydrology of the area. Well water comes from underground aquifers that exist throughout the ground at different depths. These “storage spaces” contain different amounts of water.
** Trying to save money by buying and installing an inexpensive pump system can jeopardize the operation of the well and the well’s safety.
*** Locations of well and septic are usually governed by strict regulations. The approved location may require adjustments to your chosen home site.